Pregnant With Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which the body either makes too little insulin or can't use the insulin it makes to use blood sugar for energy. Often, type 2 diabetes can be controlled through eating a proper diet and exercising regularly. Some people with type 2 diabetes have to take diabetes pills, insulin, or both.
Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs in a pregnant woman who did not have diabetes before she was pregnant. Often, gestational diabetes can be controlled through eating a proper diet and exercising regularly, but sometimes a woman with gestational diabetes must also take insulin shots. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after pregnancy, but sometimes it doesn't. Also, many women who have had gestational diabetes develop type 2 diabetes later in life.

Pregnant With Diabetes: Impact From the Father

Diabetes in the father does not affect the developing baby during pregnancy. However, depending on the type of diabetes the father has, the baby might have a greater chance of developing diabetes later in life.

Pregnant With Diabetes Type 1 or Type 2: Impact on the Mother

Women who are pregnant with diabetes often experience rapid changes in blood sugar. If women who are pregnant with diabetes do not keep good control of blood sugar, they might develop some of the common problems associated with diabetes, or those problems might get worse, if they already have them.
These problems include:
Other problems women who are pregnant with diabetes (either type 1 or type 2) may experience include:
  • Miscarriage
  • Pre-term labor
  • Large baby.
Out-of-control blood sugar in pregnant women with diabetes could lead to a miscarriage. It might also cause high blood pressure in a woman during pregnancy, and she will need extra visits to the doctor. High blood pressure during pregnancy (a condition called preeclampsia) might lead to a baby being born early. It also could cause seizures or a stroke during labor and delivery that can lead to brain damage in the mother.
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