Pregnancy Complications

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that usually occurs in the second or third trimester of pregnancy. Symptoms may include extreme thirst, hunger, or fatigue; usually, there are no symptoms.
Most women with this complication of pregnancy can control their blood sugar levels with diet and exercise. Some women with gestational diabetes or women who had diabetes before pregnancy need shots of insulin to keep blood sugar levels under control.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a virus that can cause liver damage. The hepatitis B virus can be passed from the mother to the baby.
Often, there are no hepatitis B symptoms. If symptoms are present, they may include:
  • Flu-like symptoms, such as mild fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches and tiredness
  • Loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
  • Dark-colored urine and pale bowel movement
  • Stomach pain
  • Skin and whites of eyes turning yellow (jaundice)
  • Liver problems.
Within 12 hours of birth, your baby will need a shot called HBIG, along with the first hepatitis B shot.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

HIV or other sexually transmitted diseases can be passed to the baby.
The symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases vary on the type of STD present. Some STD symptoms may include:
  • Small blisters or warts in the genital area
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Aches and pains
  • Vaginal discharge (yellowish, bloody, green, gray, or thick and white like cottage cheese, or with a strong odor)
  • Burning or pain when urinating
  • Itching around genital area
  • Itching or burning in vagina
  • Pain in legs or buttocks
  • Pain during sex
  • Frequent yeast infections
  • Skin rash.
If you think that you have an STD, it is important to see your doctor. He or she will perform a physical exam to look for symptoms in the throat, anus, or genital area, as well as a pelvic exam to look at the inside of the vagina (birth canal) and cervix (opening to the uterus, or womb) and to feel internal organs for any inflammation or growths.
Pregnancy and Pain

Pregnancy Problems

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