30 Weeks Pregnant
The most common complaint from mothers at this point in their pregnancies is constipation. Constipation occurs because pregnancy hormones slow down the digestive process. Also, the growing uterus is pushing on the intestines. Both of these conditions lead to constipation.
In order to prevent constipation, mothers should exercise regularly and eat foods that are high in fiber, such as vegetables and whole grains. It is also important to drink plenty of fluids. If constipation gets bad enough, talk to your healthcare provider about a stool softener.
At 30 weeks pregnant you may be experiencing several new (or continued) physical changes, such as:
- Stretch marks
- Black lines
- Heartburn and indigestion.
Approximately 50 percent of pregnant women will get stretch marks. Stretch marks are streaks that can be pale, dark red, or purple. Stretch marks occur when the skin stretches to accommodate the growth of the belly. They can occur anywhere on the body, but are most common on the:
Although there are creams that claim to minimize stretch marks, none of them have been medically proven to do so.
Swelling is caused by water retention and usually occurs in the:
A good way to keep water from building up is to drink lots of water, which will help flush out your system. To help with the discomfort, you can raise your legs or lie down when you can, preferably on your left side. Also avoid stockings or elastic-top socks.
Keep in mind that if swelling appears overnight, you should call your healthcare provider immediately because swelling can be a sign of high blood pressure (see High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy or Preeclampsia).
Darker Line on Belly
You may have noticed a dark vertical line going down the middle of their stomach. The technical name for this line is linea nigra (black line). This will usually disappear after the baby's birth.
Heartburn and Indigestion
During the last three months of pregnancy, your growing baby and uterus might push into your stomach, causing indigestion and heartburn. Ways to ease heartburn and indigestion include:
- Eating five small meals a day rather than three large meals
- Staying away from spicy foods, fried foods, and carbonated sodas
- Wearing loose clothing
- Propping up your upper body while sleeping
- Not eating immediately before going to bed
- Talking to your doctor about taking antacids or medications for indigestion.