Westgren M, Edvall H, Nordström L, Svalenius E, Ranstam J. Spontaneous cephalic version of breech presentation in the last trimester. J Obstet Gynaecol 1985;92(1):19-22.
ACOG Committee on Obstetric Practice. ACOG Committee Opinion No. 340. Mode of term singleton breech delivery. Obstet Gynecol 2006;108(1):235-7.
Hofmeyr GJ, Kulier R. Cephalic version by postural management for breech presentation. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2012;10:CD000051.
Yoshida M, Matsuda H, Kawakami Y, et al. Effectiveness of epidural anesthesia for external cephalic version (ECV). J Perinatol 2010;30(9):580-3.
Panagiotopoulou N, Bitar K, Hart WJ. The association between mode of delivery and developmental dysplasia of the hip in breech infants: a systematic review of 9 cohort studies. Acta Orthop Belg 2012;78(6):697-702.
de Hundt M, Vlemmix F, Bais JM, Hutton EK, de Groot CJ, Mol BW, Kok M. Risk factors for developmental dysplasia of the hip: a meta-analysis. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2012;165(1):8-17.
Mazor M, Hagay ZJ, Leiberman JR, Baile Y, Insler V. Fetal malformations associated with breech delivery. Implications for obstetric management. J Reprod Med 1985;30(11):884-6.
Hsieh YY, Tsai FJ, Lin CC, Chang FC, Tsai CH. Breech deformation complex in neonates. J Reprod Med 2000;45(11):933-5.
eMedTV serves only as an informational resource. This site does not dispense medical advice or advice of any kind.
Site users seeking medical advice about their specific situation should consult with their own physician. Click