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Health Problems and Preconception

During this preconception period, get any health problems under control. Talk to your doctor about how your health problems might affect you and your baby while pregnant. If you have diabetes, monitor your blood sugar levels. If you have high blood pressure, monitor these levels as well. If you are overweight, talk to your doctor about what a healthy weight is for you. Talk to your doctor about how your health problems might affect you and your baby while pregnant. There are things both you and your doctor can do to help you have a safe pregnancy and healthy baby.
During preconception, also ask your mother, aunts, grandmother, and sisters about their pregnancies:
  • Did they have morning sickness?
  • Problems with labor?
  • How did they cope with them?
Find out which health problems run in your family, and tell your doctor about them. You can get tested before getting pregnant for some health problems that run in families (this is called genetic testing).
Make sure you have had all of your immunizations (shots), especially for rubella (German measles). If you haven't had chickenpox or rubella, get the shots at least three months before getting pregnant.
Get checked for hepatitis B and hepatitis C, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and HIV during preconception. These conditions can harm both you and your baby. Tell your doctor if you or your sex partners have ever had an STD or HIV.
Go over all of the medicines you take (prescriptions, over-the-counter medicines you buy without prescriptions, and herbal supplements) with your doctor, and ask if they are safe to take while you are trying to get pregnant or are pregnant.
Ask your partner to limit how much alcohol he drinks. If he uses illegal drugs or smokes, encourage him to quit. Studies show that men who drink a lot, smoke, or use drugs can have problems with their sperm. These might cause you to have problems getting pregnant.
Written by/reviewed by:
Last reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
Last updated/reviewed:
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