Major complications include, but are not limited to:
· serious bleeding
· serious infection
· organ damage including the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, bladder, and/or ureters
· damage to the intestines - including a perforation, or a hole, in its lining or a burn injury
· blood vessel injury
· blood clots
· nerve injury
· hernias - which may include a rupture of the incision or the diaphragm
· complications from air placed in the abdomen, such as air going into a blood vessel or the space outside the lung
· reactions to medication or anesthesia
· other rare and unlikely events.
Depending on the individual situation, a major complication may lead to a longer stay, a blood transfusion, or a repeat surgery. A surgery such as this could possibly include immediate major abdominal surgery, a hysterectomy, which is when the uterus is taken out, or, in rare instances, placement of a colostomy. Other major complications, in extreme cases, may lead to permanent disability, paralysis, or loss of life.