Laparoscopic Surgery Complications
Minor complications of laparoscopic surgery can include bruising, minor infections, bleeding, and remaining ectopic tissue, among other things. Possible major complications may include blood clots, burn injuries, nerve injury, and others. If you have certain health conditions, such as lung, heart, or kidney disease, you have a higher risk of developing laparoscopic surgery complications.
No surgery is completely free of risks; however, laparoscopic surgery has been performed for many years, with good results and few complications or problems.
Minor complications seen with laparoscopic surgery include:
- Minor infections
- Minor bleeding
- Bruising or a collection of blood at the incision site
- Burns on the skin
- Abnormal or painful scar formation
- Allergic skin reaction to tape, dressings, or latex
- Delayed return of bowel and/or bladder function
- Remaining ectopic tissue.
In most cases, minor problems are temporary, and your healthcare provider can easily take care of them.
Several major complications are also possible with laparoscopic surgery. These are uncommon; however, your overall health will play a role in your likelihood of developing complications and how well you will recover from them. For example, people with severe heart disease, diabetes, obesity, previous abdominal surgeries, tobacco abuse, or kidney or lung disease have a higher chance of complications occurring than those who are healthier.
Major complications of laparoscopic surgery can include but are not limited to:
- Serious bleeding
- Serious infection
- Organ damage, including the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, bladder, and/or ureters
- Damage to the intestines, including a perforation (hole) in the lining
- Burn injuries
- Blood vessel injury
- Blood clots
- Nerve injury
- Hernias, which may include a rupture of the incision or the diaphragm
- Complications from the air placed in the abdomen (stomach), such as air going into a blood vessel or the space outside the lung
- Reactions to medication or anesthesia
- Other rare and unlikely events.
Depending on the individual situation, a major complication from laparoscopic surgery may require a longer hospital stay, a blood transfusion, or a repeat surgery. A surgery such as this could include immediate major abdominal surgery, a hysterectomy (removal of the uterus), or, in rare instances, placement of a colostomy. In extreme cases, complications could lead to permanent disability, paralysis, or loss of life.