Ectopic Pregnancy Laparoscopy
Laparoscopic surgery is a common treatment for an ectopic pregnancy. In most cases, this is a safe surgery, although certain risks are involved. During laparoscopic surgery, your doctor will insert a laparoscope that can take pictures and videotape the procedure. If you have an ectopic pregnancy, it will need to be removed in order to prevent serious threats to your health.
Your doctor may have recommended a procedure called laparoscopy to help diagnose, and possibly treat, an ectopic pregnancy. Laparoscopic surgery is an effective and safe alternative to open abdominal surgery for the treatment of ectopic pregnancy. It is associated with a shorter hospital stay and quicker recovery than open surgery, with similar results. As with all surgical procedures, there are possible risks and complications. However, overall, laparoscopic surgery is a safe and well-proven procedure in diagnosing and treating gynecological problems.
After your anesthesia takes effect, your abdomen (stomach) and vagina will be washed with a special disinfectant solution. Your feet will then be placed in stirrups. A catheter, or small tube, will be placed in your bladder to empty it of urine. The catheter will be taken out before the laparoscopic surgery begins.
Your doctor will begin by placing a speculum into your vagina. A small instrument will then be carefully placed into the end of your cervix. This makes it possible for your doctor to move the uterus gently into different positions so that your pelvic structures can be seen more clearly through the laparoscope.
Then a small incision, or cut, will be made in or just below your navel. A tube, called a trocar, will then be inserted into your abdomen. Through this, your doctor will fill your abdomen with carbon dioxide gas, which is like the air you breathe out. This gas helps your doctor see your pelvic structures more clearly. The laparoscope will then be inserted. Through this, your doctor will view the inside of your abdomen on a video screen. The laparoscope can also take pictures and videotape the laparoscopy.