Gestational Diabetes

Treating Gestational Diabetes

Treating gestational diabetes means taking steps to keep your blood glucose levels in a target range. You will learn how to control your blood glucose using:
 
  • A meal plan
  • Physical activity
  • Insulin (if needed).
     
Meal Plan
Women with gestational diabetes should talk with a dietitian or a diabetes educator, who will design a gestational diabetes diet plan to help you choose foods that are healthy for you and your baby.
 
Using a meal plan will help keep your blood glucose in your target range. The plan will provide guidelines on which foods to eat, how much to eat, and when to eat. Choices, amounts, and timing are all important in keeping your blood glucose levels in your target range.
 
You may be advised to:
 
  • Limit sweets
 
  • Eat three small meals and one to three snacks every day
 
  • Be careful about when and how much carbohydrate-rich food you eat; your meal plan will tell you when to eat carbohydrates and how much to eat at each meal and snack
 
  • Include fiber in the form of fruits; vegetables; and whole-grain crackers, cereals, and bread in your meals.
     
Physical Activity
Physical activity, such as walking and swimming, can help you reach your blood glucose targets. Talk with your healthcare team about the type of activity that is best for someone with gestational diabetes. If you are already active, tell your healthcare team what you do.
 
Insulin
Some women with gestational diabetes need insulin -- in addition to a meal plan and physical activity -- to reach their blood glucose targets. If necessary, your healthcare team will show you how to give yourself the shots. Insulin is not harmful for your baby. It cannot move from your bloodstream to the baby's.
 
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Information About Gestational Diabetes

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