Gestational Diabetes

How Is Gestational Diabetes Diagnosed?

Your healthcare team will check your blood glucose level. Depending on your risk factors and your test results, you may have one or more of the following tests:
 
  • Fasting blood glucose or random blood glucose test
  • Screening glucose challenge test
  • Oral glucose tolerance test.
     
(Click Gestational Diabetes Testing for more information about these tests.)
 

Impact of Gestational Diabetes on the Baby

Untreated or uncontrolled gestational diabetes can mean problems for your baby, such as:
 
  • Being born very large and with extra fat; this can make delivery difficult and more dangerous for your baby
  • Low blood glucose right after birth
  • Breathing problems.
     
If you have gestational diabetes, your healthcare team may recommend some extra tests to check on your baby, such as:
 
  • An ultrasound exam, to see how your baby is growing
  • "Kick counts" to check your baby's activity (the time between the baby's movements) or special "stress" tests.
     
Working closely with your healthcare team will help you give birth to a healthy baby.
 

Impact of Gestational Diabetes on the Mother

Often, women with gestational diabetes have no symptoms. However, the condition may increase your risk of:
 
The good news is that gestational diabetes will probably go away after your baby is born. However, you will be more likely to get type 2 diabetes later in life. You may also get gestational diabetes again if you get pregnant again.
 
Some women wonder whether breastfeeding is okay after they have had gestational diabetes. Breastfeeding is recommended for most babies, including those whose mothers had gestational diabetes.
 
This condition is serious, even if you have no symptoms. Taking care of yourself helps keep you and your baby healthy.
 
Healthy Eating for People With Diabetes

Information About Gestational Diabetes

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