Gestational Diabetes Diet

Blood Glucose Levels

You may be asking, "So what should be my target blood glucose level?" For most people, target blood glucose levels should be:
 
  • Before meals -- 90 to 130
  • 1 to 2 hours after the start of a meal -- less than 180.
     
To keep you blood glucose at a healthy level:
 
  • Eat about the same amount of food each day
  • Do not skip meals or snacks
  • Take your medicines at the same times each day
  • Exercise at about the same times each day
  • Eat your meals and snacks at about the same times each day.
     
Eating the same amount at the same time each day is important. This is because your blood glucose goes up after you eat. If you eat a big lunch one day and a small lunch the next day, your blood glucose levels will change too much.
 
Also, keep your blood glucose at a healthy level by eating about the same amount of carbohydrate foods at about the same times each day. Carbohydrate foods (also called carbs) provide glucose for energy. Examples of carbohydrate foods include:
 
  • Starches
  • Milk
  • Fruits
  • Starchy vegetables (such as corn)
  • Sweets.
     

Measuring Food

To ensure your food servings are the right size for your diet, use:
 
  • Measuring cups
  • A food scale
  • Measuring spoons.
     
The Nutrition Facts label on food packages tells you how much of that food is in one serving.
Weigh or measure foods to make sure you eat the right amounts.
 
These tips will help you choose the right serving sizes as part of your diet:
 
  • Measure a serving size of dry cereal or hot cereal, pasta, or rice and pour it into a bowl or plate. Use that same bowl or plate the next time you eat that food, and fill it to the same level.
     
  • For one serving of milk, measure 1 cup and pour it into a glass. See how high it fills the glass. Always drink milk out of that size glass.
     
  • Meat weighs more before it's cooked. For example, 4 ounces of raw meat will weigh about 3 ounces after cooking. For meat with a bone -- like a pork chop or chicken leg -- cook 5 ounces raw to get 3 ounces cooked.
     
  • One serving of meat or meat substitute is about the size and thickness of the palm of your hand or a deck of cards.
     
  • A small fist is equal to about 1/2 cup of fruit, vegetables, or starches like rice.
     
  • A small fist is equal to 1 small piece of fresh fruit.
     
  • A thumb is equal to about 1 ounce of meat or cheese.
     
  • The tip of a thumb is equal to about 1 teaspoon.
     
Diabetes Tips for Seniors

Diets for Diabetics

Terms of Use
Advertise with Us
Contact Us
About eMedTV
Privacy Policy
Copyright © 2006-2017 Clinaero, Inc.
eMedTV serves only as an informational resource. This site does not dispense medical advice or advice of any kind. Site users seeking medical advice about their specific situation should consult with their own physician. Click Terms of Use for more information.