Clomid is a prescription medication that is used for the treatment of infertility in women. It will not work for all types of infertility, but it can be effective for women who rarely ovulate or do not ovulate at all. Although the medicine is only licensed for use in women, off-label Clomid uses may include the treatment of infertility in men.
Clomid affects certain hormones in the body in order to stimulate ovulation. This is especially helpful for women who do not ovulate (or who do not ovulate very often). Occasionally, Clomid can stimulate the ovaries too much, causing multiple eggs to be released, which can result in multiple births, such as twins or triplets (see Clomid and Twins).
Clomid is one of the least expensive and easiest-to-use fertility drugs. However, Clomid will not work for all types of infertility. Your healthcare provider needs to try to find your cause of infertility before you try Clomid. Your healthcare provider should make sure you do not have thyroid problems, hyperprolactinemia (too much prolactin, a hormone, in your blood), or adrenal problems, as these problems require different infertility treatment other than Clomid.
It is important that sexual intercourse be timed to give you the best chance of conceiving a child. This can be done in several ways, including basal body temperature charting or using ovulation monitors. Ask your healthcare provider about when (and how often) you should have intercourse. Usually, ovulation occurs sometime between five and ten days after finishing a course of Clomid.
(Click Clomid Success Rates for more information on what percentage of women actually become pregnant while taking Clomid.)