As with any surgery, complications are possible with cesarean section; however, these complications are generally rare.
Complications with a c-section can include but are not limited to:
- Infections in the mother or baby
- Minor bleeding
- Separation of a scar on the uterus from a previous cesarean delivery
- Urinary tract infection (UTI)
- Ileus, or a temporary stoppage of bowel activity
- Abnormal or painful scar
- Allergic skin reaction.
The risk for complications is higher for women who are overweight or who use alcohol, tobacco products, or other drugs, such as cocaine. Also, a woman is more likely to have complications if she has diabetes, seizure disorders, sexually transmitted diseases, or hepatitis.
There is also the risk of certain complications for the baby, although these rarely happen. These can include but are not limited to:
- Fractures of the skull or long bones
- Scratches or cuts
- Serious brain or nerve damage.
Depending on your health, if there is a complication, you may need to stay in the hospital longer than planned. You may need to have a blood transfusion or another surgery, such as a hysterectomy, or get a temporary or permanent colostomy. Other complications may mean you have a permanent disability or lose your life. Your age and other medical problems may be factors in whether you have complications. Talk with your doctor if you have any questions or concerns about possible complications associated with your cesarean section.
(Click Cesarean Complications for more information.)