Although a cesarean section is one of the most common surgeries in the United States, it is still possible to have complications. Some possibilities include infections, bleeding, and blood vessel damage. You are more likely to have complications with a cesarean if you have diabetes, hepatitis, a sexually transmitted diseases, or a seizure disorder.
Cesarean Complications: An Overview
Cesarean section is the most common major surgery in this country, and is performed in about 2 out of every 10 deliveries. Although this procedure has been performed safely for many years, as with any surgical procedure, there are risks involved.
Minor Cesarean Complications
Minor cesarean complications can include, but are not limited to:
- Infections in the mother or baby
- Minor bleeding
- Separation of a scar on the uterus from a previous cesarean delivery
- Urinary tract infection
- Ileus (a temporary stoppage of bowel activity)
- Abnormal or painful scar
- Allergic skin reaction.
In most cases, minor problems are temporary and are easily taken care of by your healthcare providers.
Risk Factors for Major Cesarean Complications
Although major complications are uncommon with a cesarean section, your overall health will play a role in your likelihood of developing complications and how well you recover from them. For example, women have a higher chance of developing cesarean complications if they have:
- Heart, lung, or kidney disease
- Seizure disorders
- Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
This risk for complications is also higher for women who are overweight or who use alcohol, tobacco products, or other drugs, such as cocaine.