Many types of problems can happen during or after a cesarean section. The most common or potentially serious cesarean complications for the mother include:
- Serious bleeding during or after surgery
- Organ damage, including the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, bladder, and/or ureters
- Damage to the intestines, including a perforation or a hole in its lining or a burn injury
- Blood vessel injury
- Blood clots
- Nerve damage
- Rupture of the uterus at the scar from a previous cesarean section or surgery
- Wound breakdown
- Complications from high blood pressure
- Lung or heart problems, including pneumonia
- Lung or heart failure
- Abdominal adhesions
- Reactions to medication or anesthesia
- Other rare and unlikely events.
There is also the risk of certain cesarean complications for the baby, although these rarely happen. These can include, but are not limited to:
- Fractures to the skull or long bones
- Scratches or cuts
- Serious brain or nerve damage.
Depending on your health, if there is a complication during or after a cesarean section, you may need to stay in the hospital longer than planned. You may need to have a blood transfusion or another surgery, such as a hysterectomy, or get a temporary or permanent colostomy. Other complications may mean you have a permanent disability or lose your life.
Your age and other medical problems may be factors in whether you have complications. Talk with your doctor if you have any questions or concerns about possible complications related to this procedure.