Although it is rare for a c-section to cause any damage to the baby, injuries can still occur.
The most common injuries are lacerations, or cuts, which sometimes happen when the incision is being made in the uterus. Most cuts on the baby don't need stitches, and they usually don't leave a permanent scar.
As the baby is being delivered through the incision, there is a small possibility that the baby could suffer a broken bone, or even nerve damage.
Finally, it is possible that during any birth process, the baby could become hypoxic. This means that the baby is not getting enough oxygen because its supply is cut off. One way this can happen is if the umbilical cord, which delivers oxygen to the baby, is twisted, bent, stretched, or blocked in any way. If it lasts long enough, hypoxia can cause permanent brain damage to the fetus.